High costs of influenza: Direct medical costs of influenza disease in young children.

Fairbrother G, Cassedy A, Ortega-Sanchez IR, Szilagyi PG, Edwards KM, Molinari NA, Donauer S, Henderson D, Ambrose S, Kent D, Poehling K, Weinberg GA, Griffin MR, Hall CB, Finelli L, Bridges C, Staat MA, New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN)
Vaccine. 2010 28 (31): 4913-9

PMID: 20576536 · DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.05.036

This study determined direct medical costs for influenza-associated hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits. For 3 influenza seasons, children <5 years of age with laboratory-confirmed influenza were identified through population-based surveillance. The mean direct cost per hospitalized child was $5402, with annual cost burden estimated at $44 to $163 million. Factors associated with high-cost hospitalizations included intensive care unit (ICU) admission and having an underlying high-risk condition. The mean medical cost per ED visit was $512, with annual ED cost burden estimated at $62 to $279 million. Implementation of the current vaccination policies will likely reduce the cost burden.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (10)

Child, Preschool Emergency Service, Hospital Female Hospital Costs Hospitalization Humans Infant Influenza, Human Male United States

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