Early fascial closure of the damage control abdomen in children.

Shinall MC, Mukherjee K, Lovvorn HN
Am Surg. 2010 76 (5): 497-501

PMID: 20506879

Traditional staged closure of the damage control abdomen frequently results in a ventral hernia, need for delayed abdominal wall reconstruction, and risk of multiple complications. We examined the potential benefits in children of early fascial closure of the damage control abdomen using human acellular dermal matrix (HADM). We reviewed our experience with five consecutive children sustaining intra-abdominal catastrophe and managed with damage control celiotomy. To accomplish early definitive abdominal closure, HADM was sewn in place as a fascial substitute; the skin and subcutaneous layers were approximated over silicone drains. The five patients ranged in age from 1 month to 19 years at the time of presentation. Intra-abdominal catastrophes included complex bowel injuries after blunt trauma in two children, necrotizing pancreatitis and gastric perforation in one teenager, necrotizing enterocolitis in one premature infant, and perforated typhlitis in one adolescent. All damage control wounds were dirty. Time range from initial celiotomy to definitive abdominal closure was 6 to 9 days. After definitive closure, one child developed a superficial wound infection. No patient developed a ventral hernia. After damage control celiotomy in children, early abdominal wall closure using HADM may minimize comq plications associated with delayed closure techniques and the need for additional procedures.

MeSH Terms (16)

Abdominal Injuries Abdominal Wall Adolescent Child Cohort Studies Fasciotomy Humans Infant Laparotomy Male Retrospective Studies Skin, Artificial Suture Techniques Time Factors Treatment Outcome Young Adult

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