Polyamine-dependent activation of Rac1 is stimulated by focal adhesion-mediated Tiam1 activation.

Elias BC, Bhattacharya S, Ray RM, Johnson LR
Cell Adh Migr. 2010 4 (3): 419-30

PMID: 20448461 · PMCID: PMC2958619 · DOI:10.4161/cam.4.3.12043

Integrin receptors cluster on the cell surface and bind to extra cellular matrix (ECM) proteins triggering the formation of focal contacts and the activation of various signal transduction pathways that affect the morphology, motility, gene expression and survival of adherent cells. Polyamine depletion prevents the increase in autophosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and Src during attachment. Rac activity also shows a steady decline, and its upstream guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), Tiam1 also shows a reduction in total protein level when cells are depleted of polyamines. When Tiam1 and Rac1 interaction was inhibited by NSC-23766, there was not only a decrease in Rac1 activity as expected but also a decrease in FAK auto-phosphorylation. Inhibition of Src activity by PP2 also reduced FAK autophosphorylation, which implies that Src modulates FAK autophosphorylation. From the data obtained in this study we conclude that FAK and Src are rapidly activated upon fibronectin mediated signaling leading to Tiam1-mediated Rac1 activation and that intracellular polyamines influence the signaling strength by modulating interaction of Src with Tiam1 using focal adhesion kinase as a scaffolding site.

MeSH Terms (16)

Cell Adhesion Cell Line Cell Movement Enzyme Activation Extracellular Matrix Fibronectins Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases Focal Adhesions Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors Models, Biological Oligopeptides Polyamines Protein Binding rac1 GTP-Binding Protein Signal Transduction src-Family Kinases

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