Our clinical experience with patients in Zimbabwe suggests that an arthropathy may be a feature of HIV disease. This takes two forms: the first is a reactive arthropathy usually affecting the large, lower limb joints with no other clinical features of a connective tissue disease. The second form is seen in association with features of complete or incomplete Reiter's syndrome with involvement of large and small peripheral joints (having an asymmetric distribution). Although this arthropathy may been seen in association with HIV positive asymptomatic disease and often is the reason for first presentation at hospital, the majority of our patients have clinical features of persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, plus or minus features of constitutional illness (such as fever, weight loss, and diarrhea). A small percentage of our patients have arthropathy in association with secondary systemic infection. Other locomotor conditions have been observed, although their numbers are too small to determine whether or not they truly are related to HIV disease. In Zimbabwe there is no association between the development of HIV-associated arthropathy and the presence of HLA-B27.