Identification of early interstitial lung disease in an individual with genetic variations in ABCA3 and SFTPC.

Crossno PF, Polosukhin VV, Blackwell TS, Johnson JE, Markin C, Moore PE, Worrell JA, Stahlman MT, Phillips JA, Loyd JE, Cogan JD, Lawson WE
Chest. 2010 137 (4): 969-73

PMID: 20371530 · PMCID: PMC2851554 · DOI:10.1378/chest.09-0790

A man with usual interstitial pneumonia (age of onset 58 years) was previously found to have an Ile73Thr (I73T) surfactant protein C (SFTPC) mutation. Genomic DNA from the individual and two daughters (aged 39 and 43 years) was sequenced for the I73T mutation and variations in ATP-binding cassette A3 (ABCA3). All three had the I73T SFTPC mutation. The father and one daughter (aged 39 years) also had a transversion encoding an Asp123Asn (D123N) substitution in ABCA3. The daughters were evaluated by pulmonary function testing and high-resolution CT (HRCT). Neither daughter had evidence of disease, except for focal subpleural septal thickening on HRCT scan in one daughter (aged 39 years). This daughter underwent bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsies revealing interstitial fibrotic remodeling. These findings demonstrate that subclinical fibrotic changes may be present in family members of patients with SFTPC mutation-associated interstitial lung disease and suggest that ABCA3 variants could affect disease pathogenesis.

MeSH Terms (10)

Adult ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters Female Humans Lung Diseases, Interstitial Male Middle Aged Mutation Pedigree Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein C

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