Increased sensitivity to angiotensin II is present postpartum in women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy.

Saxena AR, Karumanchi SA, Brown NJ, Royle CM, McElrath TF, Seely EW
Hypertension. 2010 55 (5): 1239-45

PMID: 20308605 · PMCID: PMC2880505 · DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.147595

Pregnancies complicated by new-onset hypertension are associated with increased sensitivity to angiotensin II, but it is unclear whether this sensitivity persists postpartum. We studied pressor response to infused angiotensin II in 25 normotensive postpartum women in both high- and low-sodium balance. Ten women had a history of hypertensive pregnancy (5 with preeclampsia; 5 with transient hypertension of pregnancy), and 15 women had a history of uncomplicated, normotensive pregnancy. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, aldosterone, and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 levels were measured before and after angiotensin II infusion in both dietary phases. In high sodium balance, women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy were normotensive but had significantly higher systolic and diastolic blood pressures than controls (115 versus 104 mm Hg and 73 versus 65 mm Hg, respectively; P<0.05). Women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy had a pressor response to salt loading, demonstrated by an increase in systolic blood pressure on a high-salt diet. They also had greater systolic pressor response (10 versus 2 mm Hg; P=0.03), greater increase in aldosterone (56.8 versus 30.8 ng/dL; P=0.03), and increase in soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 levels (11.0 versus -18.9 pg/mL; P=0.02) after infusion of angiotensin II in low-sodium balance compared with controls. Thus, women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy demonstrated salt sensitivity of blood pressure and had increased pressor, adrenal, and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 responses to infused angiotensin II in low-sodium balance. Increased sensitivity to angiotensin II observed during pregnancy in women with hypertensive pregnancy is present postpartum; this feature may contribute to future cardiovascular risk in these women.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Angiotensin II Blood Pressure Diet, Sodium-Restricted Female Humans Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced Infusions, Intravenous Parity Pregnancy Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular Pregnancy Trimester, Third Reference Values Sodium Sodium, Dietary Systole

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