Video-assisted thoracic surgery versus open lobectomy for lung cancer: a secondary analysis of data from the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0030 randomized clinical trial.

Scott WJ, Allen MS, Darling G, Meyers B, Decker PA, Putnam JB, McKenna RW, Landrenau RJ, Jones DR, Inculet RI, Malthaner RA
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 139 (4): 976-81; discussion 981-3

PMID: 20172539 · DOI:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.11.059

OBJECTIVE - Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy remains controversial. We compared outcomes from participants in a randomized study comparing lymph node sampling versus dissection for early-stage lung cancer who underwent either video-assisted thoracoscopic or open lobectomy.

METHODS - Data from 964 participants in the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0030 trial were used to construct propensity scores for video-assisted thoracoscopic versus open lobectomy (based on age, gender, histology, performance status, tumor location, and T1 vs T2). Propensity scores were used to estimate the adjusted risks of short-term outcomes of surgery. Patients were classified into 5 equal-sized groups and compared using conditional logistic regression or repeated measures analysis of variance.

RESULTS - A total of 752 patients (66 video-assisted and 686 open procedures) were analyzed on the basis of propensity score stratification. Median operative time was shorter for video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (video-assisted thoracoscopy 117.5 minutes vs open 171.5 minutes; P < .001). Median total number of lymph nodes retrieved (dissection group only) was similar (video-assisted thoracoscopy 15 nodes vs open 19 nodes; P = .147), as were instances of R1/R2 resection (video-assisted thoracoscopy 0% vs open 2.3%; P = .368). Patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy had less atelectasis requiring bronchoscopy (0% vs 6.3%, P = .035), fewer chest tubes draining greater than 7 days (1.5% vs 10.8%; P = .029), and shorter median length of stay (5 days vs 7 days; P < .001). Operative mortality was similar (video-assisted thoracoscopy 0% vs open 1.6%, P = 1.0).

CONCLUSION - Patients undergoing video-assisted lobectomy had fewer respiratory complications and shorter length of stay. These data suggest video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy is safe in patients with resectable lung cancer. Longer follow-up is needed to determine the oncologic equivalency of video-assisted versus open lobectomy.

Copyright 2010 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (14)

Aged Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Female Humans Lung Neoplasms Lymph Node Excision Male Middle Aged Pneumonectomy Propensity Score Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted Thoracotomy Time Factors Treatment Outcome

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