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Non-visual arrestins are constitutively associated with the centrosome and regulate centrosome function.

Shankar H, Michal A, Kern RC, Kang DS, Gurevich VV, Benovic JL
J Biol Chem. 2010 285 (11): 8316-29

PMID: 20056609 · PMCID: PMC2832982 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M109.062521

In addition to regulating receptor activity, non-visual arrestins function as scaffolds for numerous intracellular signaling cascades and as regulators of gene transcription. Here we report that the two non-visual arrestins, arrestin2 and arrestin3, localize to the centrosome, a key organelle involved in microtubule nucleation and bipolar mitotic spindle assembly. Both arrestins co-localized with the centrosomal marker gamma-tubulin during interphase and mitosis and were found in purified centrosome preparations. In vitro binding assays demonstrated that both arrestins directly interact with gamma-tubulin. Knockdown of either arrestin by RNA interference resulted in multinucleation, centrosome amplification, and mitotic defects, although only the loss of arrestin2 triggered aberrant microtubule nucleation. Importantly, overexpression of wild type arrestin rescued the multinucleation phenotype and restored normal centrosome number in arrestin siRNA-transfected cells. Moreover, overexpression of arrestin2 or -3 rescued the multinucleation defect observed in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Taken together, our data reveal that non-visual arrestins are novel centrosomal components and regulate normal centrosome function.

MeSH Terms (20)

Animals Arrestins beta-Arrestins Breast Neoplasms Cattle Centrosome Fluorescent Antibody Technique Gene Knockdown Techniques HeLa Cells Humans Interphase Kidney Microscopy, Confocal Mitosis Phosphatidylethanolamines Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled RNA, Small Interfering Signal Transduction Transfection Tubulin

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