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Dietary fat-influenced development of colon neoplasia in Apc Min mice exposed to benzo(a)pyrene.

Harris DL, Washington MK, Hood DB, Roberts LJ, Ramesh A
Toxicol Pathol. 2009 37 (7): 938-46

PMID: 19841130 · PMCID: PMC2982189 · DOI:10.1177/0192623309351722

Colorectal cancer, responsible for 50,000 deaths per year, is a contributing factor for considerable mortalities in the United States. Consumption of well-done red meat and saturated fats rich in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may be one of the causative factors for sporadic colon cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the formation of colon tumors in adult Apc(Min) mice was influenced by the ingestion of different types of fat containing benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P], a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compound. Treatment consisted of 50 and 100 microg B(a)P/kg body weight dissolved in peanut or coconut oil (representatives of unsaturated and saturated fats, respectively) administered daily to six-week-old male Apc(Min) mice via oral gavage for sixty days. At the end of exposure, mice were sacrificed; jejunum and colons were retrieved and preserved in 10% formalin for observation for gross pathological changes. An increased prevalence of adenomas in colons of mice that ingested B(a)P through saturated dietary fat compared to unsaturated fat and controls (p < .05) was noticed. Interestingly, we also observed adenomas with high-grade dysplasia in the B(a)P + saturated fat group, and these incidences were frequent at the 100 microg/kg B(a)P dose. On the other hand, the B(a)P-alone and unsaturated-fat groups did not show significant differences in the numbers of adenomas and invasive tumors in the both jejunum and the colon. Our studies established that dietary fat, especially saturated fat, potentiates the development of colon tumors caused by B(a)P in the Apc(Min) mouse.

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Benzo(a)pyrene Body Weight Carcinogens Colon Colonic Neoplasms Colonic Polyps Dietary Fats Eating Genes, APC Male Mice Models, Animal Organ Size

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