Replication protein A stimulates the Werner syndrome protein branch migration activity.

Sowd G, Wang H, Pretto D, Chazin WJ, Opresko PL
J Biol Chem. 2009 284 (50): 34682-91

PMID: 19812417 · PMCID: PMC2787331 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M109.049031

Loss of the RecQ DNA helicase WRN protein causes Werner syndrome, in which patients exhibit features of premature aging and increased cancer. WRN deficiency induces cellular defects in DNA replication, mitotic homologous recombination (HR), and telomere stability. In addition to DNA unwinding activity, WRN also possesses exonuclease, strand annealing, and branch migration activities. The single strand binding proteins replication protein A (RPA) and telomere-specific POT1 specifically stimulate WRN DNA unwinding activity. To determine whether RPA and POT1 also modulate WRN branch migration activity, we examined biologically relevant mobile D-loops that mimic structures in HR strand invasion and at telomere ends. Both RPA and POT1 block WRN exonuclease digestion of the invading strand by loading on the strand. However, only RPA robustly stimulates WRN branch migration activity and increases the percentage of D-loops that are disrupted. Our results are consistent with cellular data that support RPA enhancement of branch migration during HR repair and, conversely, POT1 limitation of inappropriate recombination and branch migration at telomeric ends. This is, to our knowledge, the first evidence that RPA can stimulate branch migration activity.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals DNA, Single-Stranded DNA Replication Exodeoxyribonucleases Humans Nucleic Acid Conformation Recombination, Genetic RecQ Helicases Replication Protein A Telomere Telomere-Binding Proteins Werner Syndrome Werner Syndrome Helicase

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