Diagnostic parameters to differentiate benign from malignant ovarian masses with contrast-enhanced transvaginal sonography.

Fleischer AC, Lyshchik A, Jones HW, Crispens MA, Andreotti RF, Williams PK, Fishman DA
J Ultrasound Med. 2009 28 (10): 1273-80

PMID: 19778872 · DOI:10.7863/jum.2009.28.10.1273

OBJECTIVE - The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic parameters to differentiate between benign versus malignant ovarian masses using contrast-enhanced transvaginal sonography (TVS).

METHODS - Thirty-three consecutive patients with 36 morphologically abnormal ovarian masses (solid or cystic with papillary excrescences, focally thickened walls, or irregular solid areas) smaller than 10 cm received a microbubble contrast agent intravenously while undergoing pulse inversion harmonic TVS. The following parameters were assessed: presence of contrast enhancement, time to peak enhancement, peak contrast enhancement, half wash-out time, and area under the enhancement curve (AUC). Tumor histologic analysis was used to distinguish benign from malignant ovarian tumors.

RESULTS - Twenty-six benign masses and 10 malignancies were studied. Of all examined criteria, an AUC of greater than 787 seconds(-1) was the most accurate diagnostic criterion for ovarian cancer, with 100.0% sensitivity and 96.2% specificity. Additionally, peak contrast enhancement of greater than 17.2 dB (90.0% sensitivity and 98.3% specificity) and half wash-out time of greater than 41.0 seconds (100.0% sensitivity and 92.3% specificity) proved to be useful.

CONCLUSIONS - Our data suggest that the AUC, peak enhancement, and half wash-out time had the greatest diagnostic accuracy for contrast-enhanced TVS in differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian masses.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Aged Contrast Media Diagnosis, Differential Female Fluorocarbons Humans Image Enhancement Male Middle Aged Ovarian Neoplasms Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Ultrasonography Vagina Young Adult

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