Sexual differentiation of growth hormone feedback effects on hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin.

Maiter DM, Gabriel SM, Koenig JI, Russell WE, Martin JB
Neuroendocrinology. 1990 51 (2): 174-80

PMID: 1968235 · DOI:10.1159/000125334

To investigate possible sex differences in the feedback regulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion, concentrations of immunoreactive GH-releasing hormone (GRF) and somatostatin (SS) were measured in the median eminence (ME) and the hypothalamus of male and female rats bearing the MtTW15 tumor, which secretes high amounts of GH and prolactin (PRL). Four weeks after tumor implantation in male rats, the GRF concentration in the whole hypothalamus, including the ME, was decreased by 37% (0.29 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.46 +/- 0.02 ng/mg protein in intact male controls; p less than 0.001) and the concentration of SS was increased by 40% (11.5 +/- 0.7 vs. 8.1 +/- 0.3 ng/mg protein in male controls; p less than 0.01). In female rats, the presence of tumor for 4 weeks caused a smaller (18%) reduction in GRF concentrations (0.27 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.33 +/- 0.03 ng/mg protein in intact female controls; p less than 0.05) and no significant change in SS concentrations (10.2 +/- 0.08 vs. 9.7 +/- 0.8 ng/mg protein in female controls). Tumor-related changes in GRF and SS concentrations were also more pronounced in male rats than in females, when determined separately in the microdissected ME and in the remaining hypothalamus. These differences occurred despite similar increases in serum GH, PRL and insulin-like growth factor I concentrations in male and female tumor-bearing rats. To assess which hormone (GH or PRL) was responsible for these changes, intact male rats were treated for 10 days with 2 daily s.c. injections of rat GH (rGH; 100 and 250 micrograms/day), rat PRL (100 and 250 micrograms/day) or vehicle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Feedback Female Growth Hormone Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Hypothalamus Male Median Eminence Pituitary Neoplasms Prolactin Rats Rats, Inbred WF Sex Differentiation Somatostatin

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