Accessing ns-micros side chain dynamics in ubiquitin with methyl RDCs.

Far├Ęs C, Lakomek NA, Walter KF, Frank BT, Meiler J, Becker S, Griesinger C
J Biomol NMR. 2009 45 (1-2): 23-44

PMID: 19652920 · PMCID: PMC2728246 · DOI:10.1007/s10858-009-9354-7

This study presents the first application of the model-free analysis (MFA) (Meiler in J Am Chem Soc 123:6098-6107, 2001; Lakomek in J Biomol NMR 34:101-115, 2006) to methyl group RDCs measured in 13 different alignment media in order to describe their supra-tau (c) dynamics in ubiquitin. Our results indicate that methyl groups vary from rigid to very mobile with good correlation to residue type, distance to backbone and solvent exposure, and that considerable additional dynamics are effective at rates slower than the correlation time tau (c). In fact, the average amplitude of motion expressed in terms of order parameters S (2) associated with the supra-tau (c) window brings evidence to the existence of fluctuations contributing as much additional mobility as those already present in the faster ps-ns time scale measured from relaxation data. Comparison to previous results on ubiquitin demonstrates that the RDC-derived order parameters are dominated both by rotameric interconversions and faster libration-type motions around equilibrium positions. They match best with those derived from a combined J-coupling and residual dipolar coupling approach (Chou in J Am Chem Soc 125:8959-8966, 2003) taking backbone motion into account. In order to appreciate the dynamic scale of side chains over the entire protein, the methyl group order parameters are compared to existing dynamic ensembles of ubiquitin. Of those recently published, the broadest one, namely the EROS ensemble (Lange in Science 320:1471-1475, 2008), fits the collection of methyl group order parameters presented here best. Last, we used the MFA-derived averaged spherical harmonics to perform highly-parameterized rotameric searches of the side chains conformation and find expanded rotamer distributions with excellent fit to our data. These rotamer distributions suggest the presence of concerted motions along the side chains.

MeSH Terms (13)

Algorithms Amino Acids, Branched-Chain Carbon Isotopes Chemical Phenomena Humans Models, Chemical Models, Molecular Nitrogen Isotopes Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular Protein Conformation Reproducibility of Results Solvents Ubiquitin

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