Sedation and weaning from mechanical ventilation: linking spontaneous awakening trials and spontaneous breathing trials to improve patient outcomes.

Hooper MH, Girard TD
Crit Care Clin. 2009 25 (3): 515-25, viii

PMID: 19576527 · DOI:10.1016/j.ccc.2009.04.002

Liberation from mechanical ventilation is a vital treatment goal in the management of critically ill patients. The duration of mechanical ventilation is affected by strategies for ventilator weaning and sedation. The authors review literature on weaning from mechanical ventilation and delivery of sedation in critically ill patients, including current guidelines recommending the use of spontaneous breathing trials and spontaneous awakening trials. Implementation of these strategies in a wake-up-and-breathe protocol has demonstrated benefit over the use of spontaneous breathing trials alone.

MeSH Terms (9)

Analgesics Conscious Sedation Critical Care Humans Hypnotics and Sedatives Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) Respiration Treatment Outcome Ventilator Weaning

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