Effects of coping skills training in school-age children with type 1 diabetes.

Grey M, Whittemore R, Jaser S, Ambrosino J, Lindemann E, Liberti L, Northrup V, Dziura J
Res Nurs Health. 2009 32 (4): 405-18

PMID: 19488997 · PMCID: PMC2720049 · DOI:10.1002/nur.20336

Children with type 1 diabetes are at risk for negative psychosocial and physiological outcomes, particularly as they enter adolescence. The purpose of this randomized trial (n = 82) was to determine the effects, mediators, and moderators of a coping skills training intervention (n = 53) for school-aged children compared to general diabetes education (n = 29). Both groups improved over time, reporting lower impact of diabetes, better coping with diabetes, better diabetes self-efficacy, fewer depressive symptoms, and less parental control. Treatment modality (pump vs. injections) moderated intervention efficacy on select outcomes. Findings suggest that group-based interventions may be beneficial for this age group.

Copyright 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adaptation, Psychological Child Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Family Relations Family Therapy Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Male Patient Education as Topic Quality of Life Self Care Self Efficacy Single-Blind Method

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