OBJECTIVE - To assess the efficacy and safety of single-agent trabectedin in women with persistent or recurrent endometrial cancer.
METHODS - In this open-label, phase II multicenter trial, women with persistent or recurrent endometrial carcinoma were administered trabectedin as a 3-hour intravenous infusion every 21 days at a starting dose of 1.3 mg/m(2) with dexamethasone pretreatment. Clinical objective response was the primary efficacy endpoint. Secondary endpoints were time to progression (TTP), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety.
RESULTS - The median age of the 50 women entering the study was 63 years (range, 22-87), with all having history of prior chemotherapy (92% combination regimens) and the majority having undergone surgery (92%) or radiation therapy (68%). Patients received trabectedin for a median duration of 6.8 weeks (range, 3-20). A median of 2 cycles (range, 1-6) was administered, with a median dose intensity of 0.4 mg/m(2) per week (range, 0.27-0.43) and a median relative dose intensity of 92% (range, 61.5-100.2%). One patient exhibited a complete response for an objective response rate of 2.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1%, 11.5%). Median TTP and PFS were both 1.8 months (95% CI: 1.4, 2.9), and median OS was 6.7 months (95% CI: 5.2, 13.9). Most frequent adverse events were nausea (62%), asthenia (50%), vomiting (42%), and increased alanine aminotransferase (40%).
CONCLUSION - Single-agent trabectedin displayed minimal antitumor activity in this pretreated population of women with persistent or recurrent endometrial cancer.