The effects of epinephrine on ketogenesis in the dog after a prolonged fast.

Steiner KE, Stevenson RW, Adkins-Marshall BA, Cherrington AD
Metabolism. 1991 40 (10): 1057-62

PMID: 1943732 · DOI:10.1016/0026-0495(91)90130-o

The effects of a selective increase in epinephrine on ketogenesis and lipolysis were determined in the conscious dog following a prolonged fast (7 days). Plasma insulin and glucagon were fixed at basal levels by infusion of somatostatin (0.8 micrograms/kg/min) and basal intraportal replacement amounts of insulin (210 +/- 20 microU/kg/min) and glucagon (0.65 ng/kg/min). Following a 40-minute control period, saline or epinephrine (0.04 microgram/kg/min) was infused for 3 hours. Plasma insulin, glucagon, and norepinephrine levels did not change during saline (6 +/- 1 microU/mL, 83 +/- 17 pg/mL, and 137 +/- 38 pg/mL, respectively) or epinephrine (10 +/- 1 microU/mL, 73 +/- 18 pg/ml, 98 +/- 13 pg/mL, respectively) infusion. Plasma epinephrine levels increased from 80 +/- 26 to 440 +/- 47 pg/mL in response to infusion of the catecholamine, but remained unchanged during saline infusion. Glycerol levels (93 +/- 10 mumol/L) remained unchanged during saline infusion, but increased in response to epinephrine (108 +/- 9 to 170 +/- 18 mumol/L by 30 minutes). The glycerol level had returned to baseline and to the value apparent in saline controls by 60 minutes. The nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) level declined slowly during the 3-hour saline infusion, but was elevated in response to epinephrine infusion (1.27 +/- 0.16 to 1.97 +/- 0.25 mmol/L at 30 minutes). After the initial epinephrine-induced increase, the NEFA level declined so that by 3 hours it was not significantly different from the basal or saline values.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Catecholamines Dogs Epinephrine Fasting Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Female Glycerol Ketone Bodies Lipolysis Liver Male Pancreatic Hormones Time Factors

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