Neural control of visual search by frontal eye field: effects of unexpected target displacement on visual selection and saccade preparation.

Murthy A, Ray S, Shorter SM, Schall JD, Thompson KG
J Neurophysiol. 2009 101 (5): 2485-506

PMID: 19261711 · PMCID: PMC2681430 · DOI:10.1152/jn.90824.2008

The dynamics of visual selection and saccade preparation by the frontal eye field was investigated in macaque monkeys performing a search-step task combining the classic double-step saccade task with visual search. Reward was earned for producing a saccade to a color singleton. On random trials the target and one distractor swapped locations before the saccade and monkeys were rewarded for shifting gaze to the new singleton location. A race model accounts for the probabilities and latencies of saccades to the initial and final singleton locations and provides a measure of the duration of a covert compensation process-target-step reaction time. When the target stepped out of a movement field, noncompensated saccades to the original location were produced when movement-related activity grew rapidly to a threshold. Compensated saccades to the final location were produced when the growth of the original movement-related activity was interrupted within target-step reaction time and was replaced by activation of other neurons producing the compensated saccade. When the target stepped into a receptive field, visual neurons selected the new target location regardless of the monkeys' response. When the target stepped out of a receptive field most visual neurons maintained the representation of the original target location, but a minority of visual neurons showed reduced activity. Chronometric analyses of the neural responses to the target step revealed that the modulation of visually responsive neurons and movement-related neurons occurred early enough to shift attention and saccade preparation from the old to the new target location. These findings indicate that visual activity in the frontal eye field signals the location of targets for orienting, whereas movement-related activity instantiates saccade preparation.

MeSH Terms (16)

Action Potentials Animals Attention Choice Behavior Discrimination, Psychological Eye Fixation, Ocular Macaca mulatta Neurons Photic Stimulation Reinforcement, Psychology Saccades Time Factors Visual Cortex Visual Fields Visual Pathways

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities: