Conceptual, methodological, and empirical ambiguities in the linkage between anger and approach: comment on Carver and Harmon-Jones (2009).

Tomarken AJ, Zald DH
Psychol Bull. 2009 135 (2): 209-14; discussion 215-7

PMID: 19254077 · DOI:10.1037/a0014735

C. S. Carver and E. Harmon-Jones have made an important contribution to the understanding of anger, its linkage to higher order dimensions of emotion, and potential neurobiological substrates. The authors believe, however, that their model and future research conducted to test it would be improved by a more precise explication and parsing of the primary constructs, a clearer articulation of the relation between anger and approach, and the use of methods for assessing brain activation that are more precise than the electroencephalogram. Neuroimaging studies reviewed generally fail to corroborate several features of their model.

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MeSH Terms (13)

Affect Anger Animals Anxiety Arousal Avoidance Learning Cerebral Cortex Dominance, Cerebral Fear Humans Individuality Motivation Reward

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