Hypertension and the coronary circulation. With special attention to endothelial regulation.

Harrison DG, Treasure CB, Mügge A, Dellsperger KC, Lamping KG
Am J Hypertens. 1991 4 (7 Pt 2): 454S-459S

PMID: 1910638 · DOI:10.1093/ajh/4.7.454s

Calcium channel antagonists are commonly used to treat chronic hypertension. Several studies of intact vascular tissues suggest that these agents may impair the production of the endothelium-derived relaxing factor and alter endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation. These studies are difficult to interpret because the calcium channel antagonist may have direct effects on vascular smooth muscle. In our study, a chemiluminescence assay was used to measure the release of nitrogen oxides from bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) grown in monolayer. Under basal conditions, the release of nitrogen oxides was 0.2 nmol/100 mg protein and was increased approximately two-fold by 0.1 micrograms, bradykinin. Incubations with diltiazem, verapamil, and nifedipine for 60 min did not influence the basal and bradykinin-stimulated release of nitrogen oxides by BAEC. These data illustrate that the production of the endothelium-derived relaxing factor is not altered by the calcium channel antagonist, and are compatible with an absence of L-type calcium channels in vascular endothelial cells. Chronic hypertension produces myriad adverse effects in the coronary circulation. After coronary occlusion, infarct size, expressed as a function of myocardial mass perfused, is increased by 33%, and the wavefront of infarction from subendocardium to subepicardium is hastened. Both chronic and acute hypertension produce numerous abnormalities of coronary flow regulation. These include impairments of autoregulation, changes in vascular responsiveness, and alterations of endothelial cell function. Many of these may worsen the clinical consequences of ischemic heart disease, either by producing structural alterations of the coronary vasculature, or equally importantly, by altering coronary vascular responsiveness to either mechanical or neurohumoral stimuli.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (11)

Animals Arteries Blood Vessels Calcium Channel Blockers Coronary Circulation Endothelium, Vascular Homeostasis Hypertension Myocardial Infarction Nitrogen Oxides Pericardium

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