The collecting duct of the kidney is composed of two morphologically and physiologically distinct cell types, principal and intercalated cells. To better understand intercalated cell function we generated a transgenic mouse expressing Cre recombinase under the control of a cell type- specific promoter. We used 7 kb of the ATP6V1B1 5' untranslated region (B1 promoter), a gene found in the intercalated cells of the kidney and the male reproductive tract. We first crossed these B1-Cre transgenic mice with the ROSA26-loxP-stop-loxP-yellow fluorescent protein reporter mice to assess the specificity of Cre expression. Immunohistochemistry and confocal fluorescence microscopy showed that Cre is selectively active in all intercalated cells (type A, type B, and non-A/B cells) within the collecting duct and most cells of the connecting segment. About half of the principal cells of the connecting segment also expressed Cre, a pattern also seen in B1-driven enhanced green fluorescent protein transgenic mice. Cre was found to be active in the male reproductive tract and at a low level in limited non-ATP6V1B1 expressing tissues. The B1-Cre transgenic mice are healthy, breed normally, produce regular sized litters, and transmit the transgene in Mendelian fashion. This new cell-specific Cre expressing mouse should prove useful for the study of intercalated cell physiology and development.