Phase I, pharmacokinetic and biological correlative study of OSI-7904L, a novel liposomal thymidylate synthase inhibitor, and cisplatin in patients with solid tumors.

Ricart AD, Berlin JD, Papadopoulos KP, Syed S, Drolet DW, Quaratino-Baker C, Horan J, Chick J, Vermeulen W, Tolcher AW, Rowinsky EK, Rothenberg ML
Clin Cancer Res. 2008 14 (23): 7947-55

PMID: 19047127 · DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0864

PURPOSE - To evaluate the safety and describe the pharmacokinetic profile of OSI-7904L, a novel liposomal thymidylate synthase inhibitor, in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) in adults with advanced solid tumors.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN - CDDP was administered as a 2-h intravenous infusion followed by OSI-7904L intravenously over 30 min, both given every 3 weeks. Doses of each drug were escalated in separate cohorts of patients. Five dose levels of CDDP/OSI-7904L were explored: 60/6, 60/9, 60/12, 60/7.5, and 75/7.5 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetic samples, baseline plasma homocysteine, and genotype polymorphisms were evaluated.

RESULTS - Twenty-seven patients were treated with 101 total courses of CDDP/OSI-7904L. Dose-limiting toxicity was observed in 2 patients in the CDDP/OSI-7904L 60/12 mg/m2 cohort. One patient experienced rash, stomatitis, dehydration, renal failure, hyperbilirubinemia, and fatal neutropenic sepsis, whereas the other patient experienced grade 3 nausea, vomiting, and ileus. Therefore, the CDDP/OSI-7904L 60/9 mg/m2 cohort was expanded, with 2 of 6 patients reporting significant fatigue. Other toxicities were mild or moderate. Intermediate dose levels of 60/7.5 and 75/7.5 mg/m2 were evaluated, and the latter was identified as the recommended dose for phase II studies. No major pharmacokinetic interactions between CDDP and OSI-7904L were observed. Three patients had partial responses (gastric adenocarcinoma and heavily pretreated breast cancer). There was no significant relationship between baseline homocysteine and toxicity.

CONCLUSIONS - The recommended doses for CDDP and OSI-7904L administered once every 3 weeks are 75 and 7.5 mg/m2, respectively. Pharmacokinetic interaction between the agents was not apparent. Preliminary clinical activity was observed in breast and gastric cancer.

MeSH Terms (19)

Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols Cisplatin Female Genotype Glutarates Homocysteine Humans Isoindoles Male Maximum Tolerated Dose Middle Aged Neoplasms Polymerase Chain Reaction Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Quinazolines Thymidylate Synthase

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