PDGF receptor activation induces p120-catenin phosphorylation at serine 879 via a PKCalpha-dependent pathway.

Brown MV, Burnett PE, Denning MF, Reynolds AB
Exp Cell Res. 2009 315 (1): 39-49

PMID: 18950621 · PMCID: PMC2925109 · DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.09.025

p120-catenin (p120) is required for cadherin stability and is thought to have a central role in modulating cell-cell adhesion. Several lines of evidence suggest that S/T phosphorylation may regulate p120 activity, but the upstream kinases involved have not been established, nor has a discreet measurable function been assigned to an individual site. To approach these issues, we have generated p120 phospho-specific monoclonal antibodies to several individual phosphorylation sites and are using them to pinpoint upstream kinases and signaling pathways that control p120 activity. Protein Kinase C (PKC) has been implicated as a signaling intermediate in several cadherin-associated cellular activities. Signaling events that activate PKC induce rapid phosphorylation at p120 Serine 879 (S879), suggesting that p120 activity is regulated, in part, by one or more PKC isoforms. Here, we find that physiologic activation of a G-protein coupled receptor (i.e., endothelin receptor), as well as several Receptor Tyrosine Kinases, induce rapid and robust p120 phosphorylation at S879, suggesting that these pathways crosstalk to cadherin complexes via p120. Using Va2 cells and PDGF stimulation, we show for the first time that PDGFR-mediated phosphorylation at this site is dependent on PKCalpha, a conventional PKC isoform implicated previously in disruption of adherens junctions.

MeSH Terms (15)

Catenins Cell Adhesion Molecules Cell Line Cell Membrane Enzyme Activation Fibroblasts Humans Isoenzymes Phosphoproteins Phosphorylation Phosphoserine Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Protein Kinase C-alpha Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor

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