Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) is a secondary form of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) occurring in severely obese patients. A significant percentage of individuals with ORG will develop renal insufficiency or end stage renal disease. We report here a 17-year-old girl with morbid obesity (body mass index 56.8 kg/m(2)) and ORG presenting with nephrotic range proteinuria, who failed to improve following treatment with diet, exercise and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) therapy. Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery was performed, and within 2 weeks following the surgery, the patient had lost 5.7 kg body weight and showed a remarkable decrease in protein excretion to one tenth of pre-surgery levels. More than 1 year after surgery, the patient's urine protein and kidney function have remained normal while off renin-angiotensin system inhibition therapy. This is the first report of successful use of gastric bypass surgery for obesity-related glomerulopathy in an adolescent. We propose that gastric bypass surgery be considered for patients with ORG.