Discovery of an orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitor of prosurvival B-cell lymphoma 2 proteins.

Park CM, Bruncko M, Adickes J, Bauch J, Ding H, Kunzer A, Marsh KC, Nimmer P, Shoemaker AR, Song X, Tahir SK, Tse C, Wang X, Wendt MD, Yang X, Zhang H, Fesik SW, Rosenberg SH, Elmore SW
J Med Chem. 2008 51 (21): 6902-15

PMID: 18841882 · DOI:10.1021/jm800669s

Overexpression of prosurvival proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-X L has been correlated with tumorigenesis and resistance to chemotherapy, and thus, the development of antagonists of these proteins may provide a novel means for the treatment of cancer. We recently described the discovery of 1 (ABT-737), which binds Bcl-2, Bcl-X L, and Bcl-w with high affinity, shows robust antitumor activity in murine tumor xenograft models, but is not orally bioavailable. Herein, we report that targeted modifications at three key positions of 1 resulted in a 20-fold improvement in the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship (PK/PD) between oral exposure (AUC) and in vitro efficacy in human tumor cell lines (EC 50). The resulting compound, 2 (ABT-263), is orally efficacious in an established xenograft model of human small cell lung cancer, inducing complete tumor regressions in all animals. Compound 2 is currently in multiple phase 1 clinical trials in patients with small cell lung cancer and hematological malignancies.

MeSH Terms (12)

Administration, Oral Animals Cell Line Cell Survival Drug Evaluation, Preclinical Humans Mice Molecular Structure Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 Structure-Activity Relationship Sulfonamides Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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