The carboxyl-terminal PDZ ligand motif of chemokine receptor CXCR2 modulates post-endocytic sorting and cellular chemotaxis.

Baugher PJ, Richmond A
J Biol Chem. 2008 283 (45): 30868-78

PMID: 18755694 · PMCID: PMC2576544 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M804054200

Adaptor protein interaction with specific peptide motifs found within the intracellular, carboxyl terminus of chemokine receptor CXCR2 has been shown to modulate intracellular trafficking and receptor function. Efficient ligand-induced internalization of this receptor is dependent on the binding of adaptor protein 2 to the specific LLKIL motif found within the carboxyl terminus (1). In this study we show that the carboxyl-terminal type 1 PDZ ligand motif (-STTL) of CXCR2 plays an essential role in both proper intracellular receptor trafficking and efficient cellular chemotaxis. First, we show that CXCR2 is sorted to and degraded in the lysosome upon long-term ligand stimulation. We also show that receptor degradation is not dependent upon receptor ubiquitination, but is instead modulated by the carboxyl-terminal type I PDZ ligand of CXCR2. Deletion of this ligand results in increased degradation, earlier co-localization with the lysosome, and enhanced sorting to the Rab7-positive late endosome. We also show that deletion of this ligand effects neither receptor internalization nor receptor recycling. Furthermore, we demonstrate that deletion of the PDZ ligand motif results in impaired chemotactic response. The data presented here demonstrate that the type I PDZ ligand of CXCR2 acts to both delay lysosomal sorting and facilitate proper chemotactic response.

MeSH Terms (12)

Amino Acid Motifs Cell Line Chemotaxis Endocytosis Endosomes Humans Lysosomes PDZ Domains Protein Transport rab GTP-Binding Proteins Receptors, Interleukin-8B Ubiquitination

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