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A mouse model for glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis: effect of a steroid holiday.

Yang L, Boyd K, Kaste SC, Kamdem Kamdem L, Rahija RJ, Relling MV
J Orthop Res. 2009 27 (2): 169-75

PMID: 18683891 · PMCID: PMC2718787 · DOI:10.1002/jor.20733

Glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis is a common and dose-limiting adverse event. The goal of this study was to establish a mouse model of glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis suitable for testing the effects of different treatment strategies on its frequency. Fourteen murine strains were screened using various glucocorticoids, routes of administration, and diets. Four-week-old male BALB/cJ mice were treated with oral dexamethasone for up to 12 weeks either by continuous dosing or by discontinuous dosing, with or without asparaginase. Histopathological features of the distal femurs were examined by light microscopy. Osteonecrotic lesions were characterized by empty lacunae and osteocyte ghosts in trabecular bone surrounded by necrotic marrow and edema. The incidence of dexamethasone induced osteonecrosis in BALB/cJ mice was 40-45% (4/10 or 5/11) at 12 weeks. The frequency of osteonecrosis trended lower after discontinuous compared to continuous dosing for 12 weeks (8 vs. 45%) (p = 0.06) despite comparable cumulative plasma exposure. Asparaginase hastened the occurrence of osteonecrosis, which was observed as early as 4 weeks and the incidence was 50% after 6 weeks. A mouse model of glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis was established. Discontinuous was less osteonecrotic than continuous dexamethasone treatment, consistent with the possible benefits of a "steroid holiday" seen in clinical settings. Moreover, asparaginase hastened osteonecrosis, indicating that drugs may interact with glucocorticoids to affect osteonecrosis risk.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals Antineoplastic Agents Asparaginase Dexamethasone Disease Models, Animal Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Glucocorticoids Male Mice Mice, Inbred A Mice, Inbred AKR Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Inbred C3H Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Inbred DBA Osteonecrosis Phenotype Species Specificity

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