The contribution of executive skills to reading comprehension.

Sesma HW, Mahone EM, Levine T, Eason SH, Cutting LE
Child Neuropsychol. 2009 15 (3): 232-46

PMID: 18629674 · PMCID: PMC2728040 · DOI:10.1080/09297040802220029

Although word recognition deficits (WRD) are a known cause of reading comprehension deficits (RCD), other contributions to RCD, including executive function (EF), have not been fully explored. We examined the contribution of EF (working memory and planning), along with attention, decoding, fluency, and vocabulary to reading comprehension in 60 children (including 16 WRD and 10 RCD), ages 9-15 years. After controlling for commonly accepted contributors to reading comprehension (i.e., attention, decoding skills, fluency, and vocabulary), EF continued to make a significant contribution to reading comprehension but not to word recognition skills. These findings highlight the need for consideration of the role of EF in RCD.

MeSH Terms (20)

Adolescent Attention Child Cognition Disorders Comprehension Dyslexia Female Games, Experimental Humans Imagination Male Mathematics Memory, Short-Term Pattern Recognition, Visual Problem Solving Psychomotor Performance Reading Verbal Learning Vocabulary Wechsler Scales

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