Contrast-enhanced transvaginal sonography of benign versus malignant ovarian masses: preliminary findings.

Fleischer AC, Lyshchik A, Jones HW, Crispens M, Loveless M, Andreotti RF, Williams PK, Fishman DA
J Ultrasound Med. 2008 27 (7): 1011-8; quiz 1019-21

PMID: 18577664 · DOI:10.7863/jum.2008.27.7.1011

OBJECTIVE - The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate differences in contrast enhancement and contrast enhancement kinetics in benign versus malignant ovarian masses with pulse inversion harmonic transvaginal sonography.

METHODS - Seventeen consecutive patients with 23 morphologically abnormal ovarian masses (solid or cystic with papillary excrescences, focally thickened walls, or irregular solid areas) smaller than 10 cm received a microbubble contrast agent intravenously while undergoing pulse inversion harmonic transvaginal sonography. The following parameters were assessed in all tumors: detectable contrast enhancement, time to peak enhancement (wash-in), peak contrast enhancement, half wash-out time, and area under the enhancement curve. Tumor histologic analysis was used to distinguish benign from malignant ovarian tumors.

RESULTS - Fourteen benign masses and 9 malignancies were studied. There was a statistically significant difference in the peak enhancement (mean +/- SD, 23.3 +/- 2.8 versus 12.3 +/- 3.9 dB; P < .01), half wash-out time (139.9 +/- 43.6 versus 46.3 +/- 19.7 seconds; P < .01), and area under the enhancement curve (2012.9 +/- 532.9 versus 523.9 +/- 318 seconds(-1); P < .01) in malignant masses compared with benign disease. There was no statistically significant difference in the time to peak enhancement (26.1 +/- 6.3 versus 24.9 +/- 7.6 seconds; P = .07).

CONCLUSIONS - Overall, our data showed a significant difference in the contrast enhancement kinetic parameters between benign and malignant ovarian masses.

MeSH Terms (22)

Adenocarcinoma Adult Aged Area Under Curve Breast Neoplasms Contrast Media Diagnosis, Differential Endosonography Female Fluorocarbons Humans Image Enhancement Image Processing, Computer-Assisted Kinetics Microbubbles Middle Aged Ovarian Diseases Ovarian Neoplasms Ovary Prospective Studies Reproducibility of Results Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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