Circulating ghrelin, leptin, and soluble leptin receptor concentrations and cardiometabolic risk factors in a community-based sample.

Ingelsson E, Larson MG, Yin X, Wang TJ, Meigs JB, Lipinska I, Benjamin EJ, Keaney JF, Vasan RS
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 93 (8): 3149-57

PMID: 18492761 · PMCID: PMC2515078 · DOI:10.1210/jc.2008-0207

CONTEXT - The conjoint effects and relative importance of ghrelin, leptin, and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), adipokines involved in appetite control and energy expenditure in mediating cardiometabolic risk, is unknown.

OBJECTIVE - The objective of the study was to study the cross-sectional relations of these adipokines to cardiometabolic risk factors in a community-based sample.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS - We measured circulating ghrelin, leptin, and sOB-R in 362 participants (mean age 45 yr; 54% women) of the Framingham Third Generation Cohort.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES - Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, lipid measures, fasting glucose, smoking, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) were measured.

RESULTS - Ghrelin and leptin concentrations were significantly higher in women (P < 0.0001). In multivariable models, ghrelin was inversely associated with age and systolic blood pressure, and leptin was positively related to body mass index and WC. sOB-R was positively associated with age, total cholesterol, and fasting glucose and inversely with WC and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Ghrelin and sOB-R concentrations were significantly lower with number of MetS components (P for trend = 0.022 and < 0.0001, respectively), whereas leptin concentrations were higher (P for trend = 0.0001). Relating all adipokines to MetS conjointly, higher ghrelin and leptin concentrations were associated with decreased and increased odds of MetS (odds ratio 0.55, P < 0.0001; odds ratio 4.44, P = 0.0002, per 1 sd increase of respective log adipokine).

CONCLUSIONS - In our community-based sample, we observed a sexual dimorphism in circulating ghrelin and leptin concentrations. Ghrelin, leptin, and sOB-R were associated with number of MetS components cross-sectionally, consistent with the hypothesis that these adipokines may have a central role in cardiometabolic risk.

MeSH Terms (15)

Adult Body Mass Index Cardiovascular Diseases Energy Metabolism Female Ghrelin Humans Leptin Male Metabolic Syndrome Middle Aged Multivariate Analysis Receptors, Leptin Risk Factors Sex Characteristics

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