When an ICD is not the answer... hypothyroidism-induced cardiomyopathy and torsades de pointes.

Ellis CR, Murray KT
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2008 19 (10): 1105-7

PMID: 18399973 · DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2008.01154.x

INTRODUCTION - An increasing number of patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction are referred for placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

CASE REPORT - A 78-year-old female with fatigue, palpitations, and presyncope was referred for consideration of an ICD because of a cardiomyopathy and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). Her evaluation revealed severe hypothyroidism, marked QT prolongation, and episodes of torsades de pointes. With levothyroxine therapy, her ventricular arrhythmias rapidly abated, with subsequent normalization of LV function and the QT interval.

CONCLUSIONS - This report highlights the critical importance of detecting hypothyroidism as an unusual cause for reversible cardiomyopathy and ventricular arrhythmias.

MeSH Terms (7)

Aged Cardiomyopathies Electric Countershock Female Humans Hypothyroidism Torsades de Pointes

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