NELF and GAGA factor are linked to promoter-proximal pausing at many genes in Drosophila.

Lee C, Li X, Hechmer A, Eisen M, Biggin MD, Venters BJ, Jiang C, Li J, Pugh BF, Gilmour DS
Mol Cell Biol. 2008 28 (10): 3290-300

PMID: 18332113 · PMCID: PMC2423147 · DOI:10.1128/MCB.02224-07

Recent analyses of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) revealed that Pol II is concentrated at the promoters of many active and inactive genes. NELF causes Pol II to pause in the promoter-proximal region of the hsp70 gene in Drosophila melanogaster. In this study, genome-wide location analysis (chromatin immunoprecipitation-microarray chip [ChIP-chip] analysis) revealed that NELF is concentrated at the 5' ends of 2,111 genes in Drosophila cells. Permanganate genomic footprinting was used to determine if paused Pol II colocalized with NELF. Forty-six of 56 genes with NELF were found to have paused Pol II. Pol II pauses 30 to 50 nucleotides downstream from transcription start sites. Analysis of DNA sequences in the vicinity of paused Pol II identified a conserved DNA sequence that probably associates with TFIID but detected no evidence of RNA secondary structures or other conserved sequences that might directly control elongation. ChIP-chip experiments indicate that GAGA factor associates with 39% of the genes that have NELF. Surprisingly, NELF associates with almost one-half of the most highly expressed genes, indicating that NELF is not necessarily a repressor of gene expression. NELF-associated pausing of Pol II might be an obligatory but sometimes transient checkpoint during the transcription cycle.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Base Sequence Binding Sites Chromatin Immunoprecipitation DNA DNA-Binding Proteins Drosophila melanogaster Drosophila Proteins Gene Expression Genes, Insect HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins Models, Biological Promoter Regions, Genetic RNA-Binding Proteins RNA Polymerase II Transcription Factors Transcription Factor TFIID

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links