Dissection of the osteogenic effects of laminin-332 utilizing specific LG domains: LG3 induces osteogenic differentiation, but not mineralization.

Klees RF, Salasznyk RM, Ward DF, Crone DE, Williams WA, Harris MP, Boskey A, Quaranta V, Plopper GE
Exp Cell Res. 2008 314 (4): 763-73

PMID: 18206871 · PMCID: PMC2268764 · DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2007.12.007

The overall mechanisms governing the role of laminins during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) are poorly understood. We previously reported that laminin-332 induces an osteogenic phenotype in hMSC and does so through a focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) dependent pathway. We hypothesized that this is a result of integrin-ECM binding, and that it occurs via the known alpha3 LG3 integrin binding domain of laminin-332. To test this hypothesis we cultured hMSC on several different globular domains of laminin-332. hMSC adhered best to the LG3 domain, and this adhesion maximally activated FAK and ERK within 120 min. Prolonged culturing (8 or 16 days) of hMSC on LG3 led to activation of the osteogenic transcription factor Runx2 and expression of key osteogenic markers (osterix, bone sialoprotein 2, osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, extracellular calcium) in hMSC. LG3 domain binding did not increase matrix mineralization, demonstrating that the LG3 domain alone is not sufficient to induce complete osteogenic differentiation in vitro. We conclude that the LG3 domain mediates attachment of hMSC to laminin-332 and that this adhesion recapitulates most, but not all, of the osteogenic differentiation associated with laminin-5 binding to hMSC.

MeSH Terms (16)

Calcification, Physiologic Cell Adhesion Cell Adhesion Molecules Cell Differentiation Cells, Cultured Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases Humans Integrin alpha3beta1 Mesenchymal Stem Cells Osteoblasts Peptides Protein Structure, Tertiary Sp7 Transcription Factor Transcription Factors

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