Effects of the nitric oxide donor SIN-1 on net hepatic glucose uptake in the conscious dog.

An Z, DiCostanzo CA, Moore MC, Edgerton DS, Dardevet DP, Neal DW, Cherrington AD
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008 294 (2): E300-6

PMID: 18029444 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00380.2007

To determine the role of nitric oxide in regulating net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) in vivo, studies were performed on three groups of 42-h-fasted conscious dogs using a nitric oxide donor [3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1)]. The experimental period was divided into period 1 (0-90 min) and period 2 (P2; 90-240 min). At 0 min, somatostatin was infused peripherally, and insulin (4-fold basal) and glucagon (basal) were given intraportally. Glucose was delivered intraportally (22.2 mumol.kg(-1).min(-1)) and peripherally (as needed) to increase the hepatic glucose load twofold basal. At 90 min, an infusion of SIN-1 (4 mug.kg(-1).min(-1)) was started in a peripheral vein (PeSin-1, n = 10) or the portal vein (PoSin-1, n = 12) while the control group received saline (SAL, n = 8). Both peripheral and portal infusion of SIN-1, unlike saline, significantly reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Heart rate rose in PeSin-1 and PoSin-1 (96 +/- 5 to 120 +/- 10 and 88 +/- 6 to 107 +/- 5 beats/min, respectively, P < 0.05) but did not change in response to saline. NHGU during P2 was 31.0 +/- 2.4 and 29.9 +/- 2.0 mumol.kg(-1).min(-1) in SAL and PeSin-1, respectively but was 23.7 +/- 1.7 in PoSin-1 (P < 0.05). Net hepatic carbon retention during P2 was significantly lower in PoSin-1 than SAL or PeSin-1 (21.4 +/- 1.2 vs. 27.1 +/- 1.5 and 26.1 +/- 1.0 mumol.kg(-1).min(-1)). Nonhepatic glucose uptake did not change in response to saline or SIN-1 infusion. In conclusion, portal but not peripheral infusion of the nitric oxide donor SIN-1 inhibited NHGU.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals Blood Glucose Blood Pressure Carbon Dogs Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Glucagon Glucose Glycerol Heart Rate Infusions, Intravenous Insulin Lactic Acid Liver Liver Circulation Molsidomine Nitric Oxide Donors Portal Vein

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