A prospective study of G-CSF primed bone marrow as a stem-cell source for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in children: a Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium (PBMTC) study.

Frangoul H, Nemecek ER, Billheimer D, Pulsipher MA, Khan S, Woolfrey A, Manes B, Cole C, Walters MC, Ayas M, Ravindranath Y, Levine JE, Grupp SA
Blood. 2007 110 (13): 4584-7

PMID: 17827386 · DOI:10.1182/blood-2007-07-101071

A prospective multicenter trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and feasibility of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-primed bone marrow (G-BM) in children receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). A total of 42 children with a median age of 9.8 years (range, 0.8-17 years) were enrolled. Donors with median age of 9.2 years (range, 1.1-22 years) received 5 microg/kg per day of subcutaneous G-CSF for 5 consecutive days. BM was harvested on the fifth day. No donor experienced complications related to G-CSF administration or marrow har-vest. Median nucleated (NC) and CD34 cells infused was 6.7 x 10(8)/kg (range, 2.4-18.5 x 10(8)/kg) and 7.4 x 10(6)/kg (range, 2-27.6 x 10(6)/kg), respectively. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment was at a median of 19 days (range, 13-28 days) and 20 days (range, 9-44 days), respectively. A total of 13 (32%) patients developed grade 2 graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and 5 (13%) of 40 evaluable patients developed chronic GVHD (3 limited and 2 extensive). Higher cell dose was not associated with increased risk of acute or chronic GVHD. Overall survival and event-free survival at 2 years were 81% and 69%, respectively. Collection of G-BM from pediatric donors is safe, and can result in high NC and CD34 cell doses that facilitate engraftment after myeloablative BMT without a discernable increase in the risk of GVHD.

MeSH Terms (18)

Adolescent Adult Antigens, CD34 Bone Marrow Bone Marrow Transplantation Cell Count Child Child, Preschool Graft Survival Graft vs Host Disease Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor Hematopoietic Stem Cells Humans Infant Kinetics Prospective Studies Survival Analysis Transplantation, Homologous

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