The effects of elongational stress exposure on the activation and aggregation of blood platelets.

Purvis NB, Giorgio TD
Biorheology. 1991 28 (5): 355-67

PMID: 1782391 · DOI:10.3233/bir-1991-28501

Hemodynamic shear is known to stimulate blood and endothelial cells and induce platelet activation. Many studies of shear-induced platelet stimulation have employed rotational viscometers in which secondary flow effects are assumed to be negligible. Shear induced platelet activation occurs at elevated shear rates where secondary flows may contribute a significant percentage of the total hydrodynamic force experienced by the sample. Elongational stress, one component of this secondary flow, has been shown to alter transmembrane ion flux in intact cell and the permeability of synthetic membrane preparations. Elongational flow also occurs in the vasculature at sites of elevated shear stress. Secondary flow components may contribute to platelet activation induced during shear stress application in rotational viscometry. A unique 'constrained convergence' elongational flow chamber was designed and fabricated to study platelet response to elongational stress exposure. The elongational flow chamber was capable of producing an elongation rate of 2.1 s-1 with a corresponding volume averaged shear rate of 58.33 s-1. Significant changes were observed in the total platelet volume distribution and measured response to added chemical antagonists after elongational stress exposure. The total platelet volume histogram shifted toward larger particle sizes, suggesting the formation of large aggregates as a result of elongational stress exposure. Platelets exposed to elongational stress demonstrated a dose dependent decrease in added ADP-induced aggregation rate and extent of aggregation.

MeSH Terms (8)

Adenosine Diphosphate Blood Platelets Humans L-Lactate Dehydrogenase Methods Platelet Activation Platelet Aggregation Stress, Mechanical

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