Differentially expressed genes implicated in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.

Lee J, Oh J, Choi E, Park I, Han C, Kim DH, Choi BC, Kim JW, Cho C
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2007 39 (12): 2265-77

PMID: 17681868 · DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2007.06.012

Recurrent spontaneous abortion occurs in approximately 3% of women with diagnosed pregnancies. The etiology in approximately 40% of recurrent spontaneous abortion is unexplained. To elucidate unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion at the molecular level, we systemically identified differentially expressed genes during implantation window period in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion and characterized their functions in a human endometrial cell line. Expression levels of implantation-related genes selected from previously reported, various microarray data were determined to identify differentially expressed genes between normal fertile and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion subjects by real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Of 29 implantation-related genes, the transcript levels of cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2 and olfactomedin 1 were higher, whereas that of complement component 4 binding protein alpha was lower in subjects with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion, compared to normal fertile subjects. A correlation was evident between the transcript and protein levels of complement component 4 binding protein alpha and cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2. Expression of cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2 was positively correlated with retinoic acid-related genes in normal fertile subjects, but no significant association was observed in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion subjects. In relation to complement component 4 binding protein alpha, C5a receptor protein level was significantly higher in subjects with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion. Stable expression of cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2 and olfactomedin 1 in a human endometrial cell line inhibited cell growth and induced cell accumulation in the S and G(2)-M phase fractions, but did not trigger apoptosis. This study represents the first systematic identification of differentially expressed genes in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion. Defective cell growth by the differentially expressed genes suggests their implication in implantation failure in women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.

MeSH Terms (25)

Abortion, Habitual Adult Blotting, Western Cell Cycle Cell Line Cell Proliferation Complement C4b-Binding Protein Down-Regulation Embryo Implantation Endometrium Extracellular Matrix Proteins Female Gene Expression Profiling Glycoproteins Histocompatibility Antigens Humans Membrane Proteins Pregnancy Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a Receptors, Complement Receptors, Retinoic Acid Retinal Dehydrogenase Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Transfection Up-Regulation

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