Tailored interventions to promote mammography screening: a meta-analytic review.

Sohl SJ, Moyer A
Prev Med. 2007 45 (4): 252-61

PMID: 17643481 · PMCID: PMC2078327 · DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.06.009

OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the effectiveness of tailored interventions, designed to reach one specific person based on her unique characteristics, for promoting mammography use.

METHOD - This systematic review used meta-analytic techniques to aggregate the effect size of 28 studies published from 1997 through 2005. Potential study-level moderators of outcomes (sample, intervention, and methodological characteristics) were also examined.

RESULTS - A small but significant aggregate odds ratio effect size of 1.42 indicated that women exposed to tailored interventions were significantly more likely to get a mammogram (p<0.001). The type of population recruited and participants' pre-intervention level of mammography adherence did not significantly influence this effect. Tailored interventions that used the Health Belief Model and included a physician recommendation produced the strongest effects. Interventions delivered in person, by telephone, or in print were similarly effective. Finally, defining adherence as a single recent mammogram as opposed to regular or repeated mammograms yielded higher effect sizes.

CONCLUSION - Tailored interventions, particularly those that employ the Health Belief Model and use a physician recommendation, are effective in promoting mammography screening. Future investigations should strive to use more standardized definitions of tailoring and assessments of mammography outcomes.

MeSH Terms (11)

Attitude to Health Behavioral Medicine Breast Neoplasms Female Health Promotion Humans Mammography Mass Screening Outcome Assessment, Health Care Patient Acceptance of Health Care Social Marketing

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