Oral vitamin D supplementation reduces the incidence of eucalcemic PTH elevation after surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism.

Beyer TD, Solorzano CC, Prinz RA, Babu A, Nilubol N, Patel S
Surgery. 2007 141 (6): 777-83

PMID: 17560254 · DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2007.01.025

BACKGROUND - As many as 43% of patients will have normocalcemic intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) elevation after undergoing curative parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. This phenomenon may be due in part to an absolute or relative deficiency of vitamin D, which is under-recognized in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.

METHODS - From September 1, 2004, to September 30, 2005, 86 consecutive patients underwent parathyroidectomy for primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism (psHPT). The patients were segregated into 2 groups based on postoperative management. Group 1 was composed of 26 patients who received routine oral calcitriol and calcium carbonate postoperatively. The 60 patients in the second group (group 2) received calcium carbonate postoperatively at the discretion of the primary surgeon.

RESULTS - A total of 85 patients (99%) achieved postoperative cure with sustained reduction in serum calcium. Within 30 days postoperatively, mean serum PTH levels normalized in both groups (41 +/- 31 vs 39 +/- 31 pg/ml; P = .91). However, at 1 to 3 months postoperatively, mean serum calcium levels remained similar (9.5 +/- 0.7 vs 9.3 +/- 0.5 mg/dl; P = .39) whereas mean serum PTH levels in groups 1 and 2 were 43 +/- 25 pg/ml and 67 +/- 45 pg/ml (P = .02), respectively. At 4 to 6 months postoperatively, mean PTH was again higher in group 2 (36 +/- 22 vs 67 +/- 35; P = .03), whereas mean serum calcium levels were normal (9.2 +/- 0.8 vs 9.6 +/- 0.4 mg/dl; P = .18). The incidence of postoperative normocalcemic PTH elevation was significantly higher in group 2 at 1 to 3 months (14% vs 39%; P = .04) and at 7 to 12 months (22% vs 83%; P = .04).

CONCLUSIONS - Vitamin D supplementation following parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism reduces the incidence of postoperative eucalcemic PTH elevation.

MeSH Terms (17)

Administration, Oral Aged Calcitriol Calcium Calcium Carbonate Calcium Channel Agonists Female Humans Hyperparathyroidism, Primary Male Middle Aged Parathyroidectomy Parathyroid Hormone Postoperative Care Postoperative Period Time Factors Vitamin D

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