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An optimization and comparison of trypsin digestion strategies for peptide/protein identifications by microLC-MS/MS with or without MS compatible detergents in mixed organic-aqueous and aqueous systems was carried out in this study. We determine that adding MS-compatible detergents to proteolytic digestion protocols dramatically increases peptide and protein identifications in complex protein mixtures by shotgun proteomics. Protein solubilization and proteolytic efficiency are increased by including MS-compatible detergents in trypsin digestion buffers. A modified trypsin digestion protocol incorporating the MS compatible detergents consistently identifies over 300 proteins from 5 microg of pancreatic cell lysates and generates a greater number of peptide identifications than trypsin digestion with urea when using LC-MS/MS. Furthermore, over 700 proteins were identified by merging protein identifications from trypsin digestion with three different MS-compatible detergents. We also observe that the use of mixed aqueous and organic solvent systems can influence protein identifications in combinations with different MS-compatible detergents. Peptide mixtures generated from different MS-compatible detergents and buffer combinations show a significant difference in hydrophobicity. Our results show that protein digestion schemes incorporating MS-compatible detergents generate quantitative as well as qualitative changes in observed peptide identifications, which lead to increased protein identifications overall and potentially increased identification of low-abundance proteins.