Obesity causes very low density lipoprotein clearance defects in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice.

Coenen KR, Gruen ML, Hasty AH
J Nutr Biochem. 2007 18 (11): 727-35

PMID: 17418556 · DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2006.12.010

We have reported that obese leptin-deficient mice (ob/ob) lacking the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR(-/-)) develop severe hyperlipidemia and spontaneous atherosclerosis. In the present study, we show that obese leptin receptor-deficient mice (db/db) lacking LDLR have a similar phenotype, even in the presence of elevated plasma leptin levels. We investigated the mechanism for the hyperlipidemia in obese LDLR(-/-) mice by comparing lipoprotein production and clearance rates in C57BL/6, ob/ob, LDLR(-/-) and ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) mice. Hepatic triglyceride production rates were equally increased ( approximately 1.4-fold, P<.05) in both LDLR(-/-) and ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) mice compared to C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice. LDL clearance was decreased ( approximately 1.3- fold, P<.01) to a similar extent in LDLR(-/-) and ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) mice compared to C57BL/6 and ob/ob controls. While VLDL clearance was delayed in LDLR(-/-) compared to C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice (2-fold, P<.001), this delay was exaggerated in ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) mice (3.8-fold, P<001). The VLDL clearance defects were due to decreased hepatic uptake compared to C57BL/6 (54% and 26% for LDLR(-/-) and ob/ob;LDLR(-/-), respectively, P<.001). When VLDL was collected from C57BL/6, ob/ob, LDLR(-/-), and ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) donors and injected into LDLR(-/-) recipient mice, counts remaining in the liver were 1.4-fold elevated in mice receiving LDLR(-/-) VLDL and 2-fold increased in mice receiving ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) VLDL compared to controls receiving C57BL/6 VLDL (P<.01). Thus, the increase in plasma lipoproteins in ob/ob;LDLR(-/-) mice is caused by delayed VLDL clearance. This appears to be due to defects in both the liver and the lipoproteins themselves in these obese mice.

MeSH Terms (10)

Animals Lipase Lipoproteins, VLDL Liver Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Obese Obesity Receptors, LDL Triglycerides

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