A novel glucagon receptor antagonist, NNC 25-0926, blunts hepatic glucose production in the conscious dog.

Rivera N, Everett-Grueter CA, Edgerton DS, Rodewald T, Neal DW, Nishimura E, Larsen MO, Jacobsen LO, Kristensen K, Brand CL, Cherrington AD
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2007 321 (2): 743-52

PMID: 17308040 · DOI:10.1124/jpet.106.115717

Elevated glucagon is associated with fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. We assessed the effects of the glucagon receptor antagonist (2R)-N-[4-({4-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)[(3,5-dichloroanilino)carbonyl]anilino}methyl)benzoyl]-2-hydroxy-b-alanine (NNC 25-0926) on hepatic glucose production (HPG) in vivo, using arteriovenous difference and tracer techniques in conscious dogs. The experiments consisted of equilibration (-140 to -40 min), control (40-0 min), and experimental [0-180 min, divided into P1 (0-60 min) and P2 (60-180 min)] periods. In P1, NNC 25-0926 was given intragastrically at 0 (veh), 10, 20, 40, or 100 mg/kg, and euglycemia was maintained. In P2, somatostatin, basal intraportal insulin, and 5-fold basal intraportal glucagon (2.5 ng/kg/min) were infused. Arterial plasma insulin levels remained basal throughout the study in all groups. Arterial plasma glucagon levels remained basal during the control period and P1 and then increased to approximately 70 pg/ml in P2 in all groups. Arterial plasma glucose levels were basal in the control period and P1 in all groups. In P2, the arterial glucose level increased to 245+/-22 and 172+/-15 mg/dl in the veh and 10 mg/kg groups, respectively, whereas in the 20, 40, and 100 mg/kg groups, there was no rise in glucose. Net hepatic glucose output was approximately 2 mg/kg/min in all groups during the control period. In P2, it increased by 9.4+/-2 mg/kg/min in the veh group. In the 10, 20, 40, and 100 mg/kg groups, the rise was only 4.1+/-0.9, 1.6+/-0.6, 2.4+/-0.7, and 1.5+/-0.3 mg/kg/min, respectively, due to inhibition of glycogenolysis. In conclusion, NNC 25-0926 effectively blocked the ability of glucagon to increase HGP in the dog.

MeSH Terms (13)

Aniline Compounds Animals beta-Alanine C-Peptide Dogs Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Female Gluconeogenesis Glucose Glycogenolysis Liver Male Receptors, Glucagon

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