A defect in glucose-induced dissociation of glucokinase from the regulatory protein in Zucker diabetic fatty rats in the early stage of diabetes.

Shin JS, Torres TP, Catlin RL, Donahue EP, Shiota M
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007 292 (4): R1381-90

PMID: 17204595 · DOI:10.1152/ajpregu.00260.2006

Effect of stimulation of glucokinase (GK) export from the nucleus by small amounts of sorbitol on hepatic glucose flux in response to elevated plasma glucose was examined in 6-h fasted Zucker diabetic fatty rats at 10 wk of age. Under basal conditions, plasma glucose, insulin, and glucagon were approximately 8 mM, 2,000 pmol/l, and 60 ng/l, respectively. Endogenous glucose production (EGP) was 44 +/- 4 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1). When plasma glucose was raised to approximately 17 mM, GK was still predominantly localized with its inhibitory protein in the nucleus. EGP was not suppressed. When sorbitol was infused at 5.6 and 16.7 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), along with the increase in plasma glucose, GK was exported to the cytoplasm. EGP (23 +/- 19 and 12 +/- 5 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) was suppressed without a decrease in glucose 6-phosphatase flux (145 +/- 23 and 126 +/- 16 vs. 122 +/- 10 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1) without sorbitol) but increased in glucose phosphorylation as indicated by increases in glucose recycling (122 +/- 17 and 114 +/- 19 vs. 71 +/- 11 microl x kg(-1) x min(-1)), glucose-6-phosphate content (254 +/- 32 and 260 +/- 35 vs. 188 +/- 20 nmol/g liver), fractional contribution of plasma glucose to uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucose flux (43 +/- 8 and 42 +/- 8 vs. 27 +/- 6%), and glycogen synthesis from plasma glucose (20 +/- 4 and 22 +/- 5 vs. 9 +/- 4 mumol glucose/g liver). The decreased glucose effectiveness to suppress EGP and stimulate hepatic glucose uptake may result from failure of the sugar to activate GK by stimulating the translocation of the enzyme.

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Blood Glucose Carrier Proteins Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Fasting Glucagon Glucokinase Glucose Glucose-6-Phosphatase Glycogen Insulin Liver Liver Glycogen Male Phosphorylation Rats Rats, Zucker Sorbitol Time Factors

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