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Calcineurin inhibitor avoidance versus steroid avoidance following kidney transplantation: Postoperative complications.

Shaffer D, Kizilisik AT, Feurer I, Nylander WA, Helderman JH, Langone AJ, Schaefer HM
Transplant Proc. 2006 38 (10): 3464-5

PMID: 17175304 · DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2006.10.103

This study compared early postoperative complications in kidney transplant recipients treated with either a sirolimus-based calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-free regimen or a tacrolimus-based steroid-free regimen. We used a single-center, prospective, sequential but nonrandomized study design. Consecutive recipients of primary cadaveric or non-HLA identical kidney transplant recipients received either a CNI-free regimen, consisting of sirolimus 5 mg daily beginning postoperative day 3, mycophenolate mofetil 1 gm twice a day, and methylprednisolone 500 mg intraoperatively, then prednisone 30 mg daily tapered to 10 mg daily at 3 months, or a prednisone-free regimen, consisting of methylprednisolone 500 mg, 250 mg, and 125 mg from days 0 to 2, then no further steroids, tacrolimus 0.075 mg/kg twice a day, and mycophenolate mofetil 1 g twice a day. All patients received thymoglobulin induction 6 mg/kg total dose. Outcome measures were patient and graft survival, BPAR, surgical and wound complications, viral infections and posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM). Both groups had excellent early outcomes with no significant difference in patient or graft survival, early renal function, BPAR, surgical or wound complications, or viral infections between the two groups. Patients in the sirolimus-based CNI-free group had a significantly higher incidence of PTDM and a trend toward more discontinuation due to drug toxicity. Whether either regimen improves long-term outcomes awaits longer follow-up.

MeSH Terms (20)

Adrenal Cortex Hormones Adult Cadaver Calcineurin Inhibitors Continental Population Groups Drug Therapy, Combination Female Graft Survival Histocompatibility Testing Humans Kidney Transplantation Male Middle Aged Mycophenolic Acid Patient Selection Postoperative Complications Survival Analysis Tacrolimus Tissue Donors Treatment Outcome

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