Vinorelbine, doxorubicin, and prednisone in androgen-independent prostate cancer.

Borden LS, Clark PE, Lovato J, Hall MC, Stindt D, Harmon M, M Mohler R, Torti FM
Cancer. 2006 107 (5): 1093-100

PMID: 16888761 · DOI:10.1002/cncr.22078

BACKGROUND - Ultimately, patients with metastatic prostate cancer progress on androgen ablation therapy. The investigation of new chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) is essential. The authors conducted a Phase II trial with vinorelbine, doxorubicin, and daily prednisone (NAP) to investigate the antitumor activity and palliative response of this regimen in patients with AIPC.

METHODS - Forty-six patients entered this Phase II combination chemotherapy trial. Patients were treated with both vinorelbine and doxorubicin at doses of 20 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days and prednisone 5 mg twice daily. Endpoints included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and palliation, as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) instrument, the Brief Pain Inventory Scale, and a narcotic analgesic log.

RESULTS - The median follow-up for all 46 patients was 13.4 months. Fifty-two percent of patients had impaired performance status at baseline. One responding patient remained on NAP and was progression-free at 11.5 months. Thirty-nine patients progressed, 3 patients died prior to response assessment, and 3 patients refused therapy. The median overall survival was 57 weeks (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 36-76 weeks), and the median time to disease progression was 17 weeks (range, 11-24 weeks). The PSA response among the 36 patients who completed 3 cycles of NAP was 42% (95% CI, 26-59%). There was a statistically significant improvement in quality of life measured both by the FACT-General instrument (P = .03) and the FACT-P instrument (P = .0006) over the 3 months compared with baseline measurements. Pain medicine use also improved: The median morphine equivalents among patients who were taking pain medications at the time of study enrollment showed a substantial decline after 1 cycle of treatment that was maintained. Pain (as assessed by the Brief Pain Inventory) improved compared with baseline pain at the 2nd-month assessment (worst pain, P = .08; least pain, P = .02; and average pain, P = .003). Overall, the regimen was tolerated well. The most common side effects were mild fatigue and gastrointestinal complaints (all of which were Grade 1 or 2 [according to Version 2.0 of the Expanded Common Toxicity Criteria]). Seventeen patients (37%) experienced Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Five patients (11%) developed a cardiac ejection fraction of <50% during treatment and had doxorubicin discontinued. No patients developed clinical congestive heart failure.

CONCLUSIONS - The NAP combination produced substantive palliation and a moderate response rate in men with AIPC.

MeSH Terms (16)

Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols Doxorubicin Drug Administration Schedule Humans Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Metastasis Pain Measurement Palliative Care Prednisone Prostate-Specific Antigen Prostatic Neoplasms Vinblastine Vinorelbine

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