Molecular dissection of 17q12 amplicon in upper gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas.

Maqani N, Belkhiri A, Moskaluk C, Knuutila S, Dar AA, El-Rifai W
Mol Cancer Res. 2006 4 (7): 449-55

PMID: 16849520 · DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-06-0058

DNA amplification at 17q is frequently detected in upper gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas (UGC; stomach and esophagus). In this study, we did fluorescence in situ hybridization on a tissue microarray that contained 304 UGCs and 89 normal stomach samples using a approximately 168-kb BAC clone (CTD-2019C10) that maps to 17q12-q21.1. This 168-kb region contains the following genes: PPP1R1B/DARPP-32, STARD3, TCAP, PNMT, PERLD1, ERBB2, C17orf37, and GRB7 as well as the first two exons of ZNFN1A3. DNA amplification (> or =5 signals) was detected in 85 of 282 (30%) of UGCs, and high-level amplification (> or =10 signals) was seen in 28 of 282 (10%) of all tumors. Adenocarcinomas of gastroesophageal junction and lower esophagus had the highest frequency of amplification (45%) compared with stomach tumors (27%; P = 0.04). On the other hand, 38% of tumors with intestinal-type morphology had amplification compared with 26% of diffuse-type tumors (P = 0.02). We further did quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR on 74 frozen tissue samples from UGCs for 11 genes located within or adjacent to the boundaries of this approximately 168-kb genomic region. These genes include all 9 genes that are fully or partially located inside the CTD-2019C10 clone as well as 2 additional adjacent genes (NEUROD and TOP2A). Overexpression of PPP1R1B/DARPP-32, TCAP, and TOP2A was seen in approximately half of the tumors, whereas STARD3 and ZNFN1A3 were rarely overexpressed (12%). Interestingly, there was a statistical correlation between expression of all 8 genes that map between PPP1R1B/DARPP-32 and GRB7, whereas expression of NEUROD, ZNFN1A3, and TOP2A that are partially inside or adjacent to the boundaries of the CTD-2019C10 clone did not correlate with the expression of any of these 8 genes. These data show a transcriptionally active oncogenomic region bounded by PPP1R1B/DARPP-32 and GRB7 in UGCs and provide further insight into expression levels of several critical genes.

MeSH Terms (13)

Adenocarcinoma Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 Esophageal Neoplasms Female Gene Amplification Gene Dosage Humans In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence Male Neoplasm Staging Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger Stomach Neoplasms

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