Tumour microenvironment: TGFbeta: the molecular Jekyll and Hyde of cancer.

Bierie B, Moses HL
Nat Rev Cancer. 2006 6 (7): 506-20

PMID: 16794634 · DOI:10.1038/nrc1926

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signalling regulates cancer through mechanisms that function either within the tumour cell itself or through host-tumour cell interactions. Studies of tumour-cell-autonomous TGFbeta effects show clearly that TGFbeta signalling has a mechanistic role in tumour suppression and tumour promotion. In addition, factors in the tumour microenvironment, such as fibroblasts, immune cells and the extracellular matrix, influence the ability of TGFbeta to promote or suppress carcinoma progression and metastasis. The complex nature of TGFbeta signalling and crosstalk in the tumour microenvironment presents a unique challenge, and an opportunity to develop therapeutic intervention strategies for targeting cancer.

MeSH Terms (7)

Animals Cell Communication Cell Transformation, Neoplastic Humans Neoplasms Signal Transduction Transforming Growth Factor beta

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