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Dissection of Swa2p/auxilin domain requirements for cochaperoning Hsp70 clathrin-uncoating activity in vivo.

Xiao J, Kim LS, Graham TR
Mol Biol Cell. 2006 17 (7): 3281-90

PMID: 16687570 · PMCID: PMC1483056 · DOI:10.1091/mbc.e06-02-0106

The auxilin family of J-domain proteins load Hsp70 onto clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) to drive uncoating. In vitro, auxilin function requires its ability to bind clathrin and stimulate Hsp70 ATPase activity via its J-domain. To test these requirements in vivo, we performed a mutational analysis of Swa2p, the yeast auxilin ortholog. Swa2p is a modular protein with three N-terminal clathrin-binding (CB) motifs, a ubiquitin association (UBA) domain, a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain, and a C-terminal J-domain. In vitro, clathrin binding is mediated by multiple weak interactions, but a Swa2p truncation lacking two CB motifs and the UBA domain retains nearly full function in vivo. Deletion of all CB motifs strongly abrogates clathrin disassembly but does not eliminate Swa2p function in vivo. Surprisingly, mutation of the invariant HPD motif within the J-domain to AAA only partially affects Swa2p function. Similarly, a TPR point mutation (G388R) causes a modest phenotype. However, Swa2p function is abolished when these TPR and J mutations are combined. The TPR and J-domains are not functionally redundant because deletion of either domain renders Swa2p nonfunctional. These data suggest that the TPR and J-domains collaborate in a bipartite interaction with Hsp70 to regulate its activity in clathrin disassembly.

MeSH Terms (13)

Amino Acid Motifs Auxilins Carrier Proteins Clathrin HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins Molecular Chaperones Phosphoproteins Protein Structure, Tertiary Repetitive Sequences, Amino Acid Saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins Sequence Deletion Vesicular Transport Proteins

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