The function of the human cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel Na(V)1.5 (hH1) is regulated in part by binding of calcium to an EF hand in the C-terminal cytoplasmic domain. hH1 is also regulated via an extrinsic calcium-sensing pathway mediated by calmodulin (CaM) via binding to an IQ motif immediately adjacent to the EF-hand domain. The intrinsic EF-hand domain is shown here to interact with the IQ motif, which controls calcium affinity. Remarkably, mutation of the IQ residues has only a minor effect on CaM affinity but drastically reduces calcium affinity of the EF-hand domain, whereas the Brugada mutation A1924T significantly reduces CaM affinity but has no effect on calcium affinity of the EF-hand domain. Moreover, the differences in the biochemical effects of the mutations directly correlate with contrasting effects on channel electrophysiology. A comprehensive model is proposed in which the hH1 IQ motif serves as a molecular switch, coupling the intrinsic and extrinsic calcium sensors.