Circular dichroism and cross-linking studies of bacteriorhodopsin mutants.

Karnaukhova E, Schey KL, Crouch RK
Amino Acids. 2006 30 (1): 17-23

PMID: 16477391 · DOI:10.1007/s00726-005-0255-0

Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy was employed for native (wild type, WT) bacteriorhodopsin (bR) and several mutant derivatives: R134K, R134H, R82Q, S35C, L66C, and R134C/E194C. Comparative analysis of the CD spectra in visible range shows that only R134C/E194C exhibits biphasic CD, typical for native bR, the other mutants demonstrate CD spectra with significantly smaller or absent negative band. Since the biphasic CD is a feature of hexagonal lattice structure composed by bR trimers in the purple membrane, these mutants and WT were examined by cross-linking studies, which confirmed the same trend towards trimeric organization. Therefore, a single amino acid substitution may lead to drastically different CD spectra without disruption of bR trimeric organization. Thus, although disruption of bR trimeric crystalline lattice structure (e.g., solubilization with detergents) directly results in the disappearance of characteristic bilobe in visible CD, the lack of the bilobe in the CD alone does not predict the absence of trimers.

MeSH Terms (7)

Amino Acid Substitution Bacteriorhodopsins Circular Dichroism Cross-Linking Reagents Halobacterium salinarum Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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